In Vitro Fertilization

The term In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) literally means fertilisation ‘in glass’ and it usually refers to the process in which a woman’s eggs are fertilised outside of her body in the laboratory. The resulting embryos are then transferred back into the uterus after a few days later.

Who benefits from IVF?

IVF is specifically recommended for

  • Women with absent.
  • Blocked or damaged fallopian tubes.
  • In cases of unexplained infertility.
  • Can be used in combination with ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection) in cases of severe male factor infertility.

ICSI is a variant of IVF and is where single live sperms are injected directly into oocytes (ripe eggs).

There are four steps involved in the IVF cycle:

  • Stimulation of the ovaries to encourage development and maturation of the eggs.
  • Retrieval of the eggs.
  • Fertilisation of the eggs and culture of the embryos.
  • Transfer of the embryos back into the uterus.

How long will IVF take?

The whole process takes about four to six weeks to complete one cycle of IVF. You might have to wait for a few weeks for your eggs to mature. Then you and your partner would spend about half a day at your doctor’s office or clinic to have your eggs retrieved and fertilized. You might have to go back again3 to 5 days later to have the embryos inserted into your uterus, but you’ll be able to go back home the same day.